Are you tired of lugging groceries home and taking public transit? If you’re thinking about buying a car, you should first understand the total cost of owning a car.
First know the cost of car ownership can vary between provinces – the price, gas prices, accessories like winter tires, maintenance, administrative fees, parking, and insurance. With this in mind, we’ll use Ontario as an example for clarity.
To ride the TTC (transit) roundtrip in Toronto, every working day, and sometimes on weekends, it’ll cost you about $150/month. If you can walk or bike to work, you can save even more. Let’s look at how much it would cost you to start driving everywhere.
What is the cost of your car payment or lease?
Depending on how much you put down (financial experts say it should be at least 20% of the purchase price) and how long your term of lease or finance (financial experts say 3 years is best, you can stretch to 4, but no more than 5) will determine the price you pay per month.
According to an Autoblog.com study, the most Googled car brand in Canada in 2018 was Toyota. Since it’s your first car, we’ll look at their cheapest, the Yaris Hatchback, starting at about $16,000. You put $3,200 down (for 20%), and you finance for 3 years at a special introductory offer (O.A.C) of 0.99% annual interest rate. Your monthly payments are $420 for the next 3 years.
However, since a car depreciates the minute you drive it off the lot, it’s a good idea to buy used. Buying a 3-year-old car can save you a lot of money. If you buy the Yaris used, say a 2015 model, you can save around $2,000. I did a quick check on our Yaris Hatchback, and it saved about $75 on your monthly car premium.
Let’s buy the used car, and our new monthly car payment is $350.
Note: The monthly payments to lease are less, but read our leasing vs. buying a car post to determine the best course of action for your situation.
Car finance payments: $350/month
What is the average cost of gas per month?
How many kilometres does it take to drive to and from work? Let’s say it’s a 20km round trip. Let’s add in an additional 100km per month to get groceries, visit your parents, or take your dog to the vet.
The Yaris Hatchback with automatic transmission uses 7.4 litres for every 100km driven with a 42 Litre tank capacity.
If you’re driving 500km per month based on our above example, you’re filling up once a month.
GasBuddy gives us a rolling average of about $1 per litre in Ontario, so you’re paying $42 per month. Be sure to adjust this price for your own car and geographic differences in fuel costs.
Gas cost: $42/month
What is the average car maintenance costs?
According to Canada Drives, once your car is out of warranty, you should set aside $100 per month in maintenance costs. This allowance should cover you for routine lube, oil, and filter changes, tire rotations, and enough money saved for any unexpected repair needs.
If you start to spend more than this, it’s time to start thinking about buying a new (used) car.
Maintenance cost: $100/month
What about car administrative fees?
Again, because this can vary in each city and province, we’re sticking with Ontario as our example.
Ontario used to charge for a drive clean, or emissions test on older cars but it will be cancelled as of April 1, 2019.
In Southern Ontario, it costs you $120 to renew your license plate sticker every year.
Car administrative fees: $10/month
How much do you spend on parking in a year?
If you have a driveway, it’s usually free to park in it. In Toronto, it costs $16 per month for a street parking permit. Around Toronto, parking lots, garages, and metered street parking will range in price depending on proximity to services. For instance, you’ll pay more to park near a hospital or sporting event than you will in a residential neighbourhood.
For argument’s sake, let’s say you spend about $50 per month on parking. This number could fluctuate if you park at work for $5 to $25 a day or if you need to rent out an underground parking space in your condo from another owner. Make sure to do your math correctly.
Parking cost: $50
What is the average cost of car insurance in Ontario?
The average car insurance policy in Ontario in 2017 was $1,458 per year, according to the Ontario government. Of all the provinces in the country, Ontarians pay the highest average insurance premiums.
But It’s tricky to give you an absolute number here because many factors are used to determine your car insurance rate. An auto insurance provider will look at your age, sex, neighbourhood, make and model of vehicle and your driving record to name a few.
To simplify, we’re going to use our Toyota Yaris Hatchback example paired with a 30-year-old female living in Toronto. I used the Ratehub.ca car insurance quoter to find you the best car insurance quotes in Ontario from many providers in minutes. I got a few different quotes, but we’ll average it out to $300 per month. Yes, way more than the average but we have not factored any discounts, like loyalty, memberships, or bundling into the price.
Car insurance: $300/month
What is the total cost of owning a car – by month?
Let’s take all our numbers and add them all up.
|Car administrative fees||$10|
|GRAND TOTAL||$852/month or $10,224 annually|
The total cost of owning a car is $852 per month when you include all your car payments, gas, maintenance, and auto insurance costs. After 3 years, you’ve paid for your car in full, and your payments drop to $502 per month.
Experts recommend that your car expenses should not exceed 15% to 20% of your monthly take-home pay. In our scenario, this means that our 30-year-old female driving a 2015 Toyota Yaris Hatchback in Toronto, Ontario would need to be making about $68,000 after tax or about $93,000 in annual salary. You can figure out your net take-home pay on neuvoo.ca or wealthbar.com.
I compared these results using the CAA driving costs calculator which gives rough estimates on many cars. When I put in our scenario from this article, it calculated the cost at about $6200 per year, or about $4000 less. However, they halved maintenance costs, they estimated both the insurance and the financing at 30% less, and it doesn’t include any parking fees.
There are many ways to save money when you buy a car.
- Extend the term of financing to 5 years, and your monthly payment drops to $223
- Get one of the best gas credit cards in Canada that gives 4% cashback: $40.32
- Cut maintenance costs to $0
- Administrative fees: $10
- Only park in driveways and find free parking elsewhere: $0
- Bundle car with home insurance can save 10-15% – $255
- New total monthly cost is $528.32
(This is closer to the CAA costs and now you can see the possible differences.)
You can also save money buying an older car. You can shop for more auto insurance quotes. You can even rent out your vehicle using Turo or Maven or start driving for Uber or Lyft to make some money with your car.
Alternatively, all these costs may be even more. For instance, a big road trip will cost more in gas and parking. Think about how much it might cost you not to maintain your vehicle or be underinsured after an accident.
Is it worth the cost of owning a car?
As a real-life scenario, my wife and I bought a new-to-us used car last year. We saved up, had a car trade-in, and so we pay $0 per month for our car. We don’t use the car that much, so our gas costs are minimal. Our car is still under warranty, so we aren’t setting much aside for maintenance. She walks to work, and I take public transit. We’ve been loyal to our car insurance provider for over 10 years, have clean records, and take advantage of “membership” discounts and bundled it with our home insurance to save even more. Our annual cost of car ownership is just over $4,000 per year and about $350 per month. We justified the expense.
In different case altogether, neighbourhood friends of ours, with 3 kids, gave up their car last year. They rent a car for road trips, they buy groceries online and use Uber’s more often. They wanted to try it, and so far they show no signs of stopping, yet. Their combined salary allows them to afford a car, but, just like you, owning a car is a choice.
To take a page from my parents, owning a car is and a privilege, not a right. At Ratehub.ca, we aim to help you make smarter financial decisions.