This morning, Ratehub.ca released its 2016 Digital Money Trends Report. The second annual report is a look at how Canadians use technology to manage their finances. The report combines survey data with anonymous Ratehub.ca user data, as well as Google search trends. The report covers a wide variety of personal finance topics, but none is more important to Ratehub.ca than mortgages. Here’s what we learned about our favourite subject:
The spread between fixed and variable mortgage rates is getting smaller
When getting a mortgage, one of the big decisions to make is whether to go with a fixed or variable rate. Fixed rates are guaranteed to stay the same over the term of your mortgage, while variable rates could go up or down over time. Variable rates tend to be lower than fixed rates at origination, but come with the risk that they could go up at any time. Conversely, fixed rates carry the risk that you’ll be locked in while rates fall.
In 2016, the spread between the average 5-year fixed rate and the average 5-year variable rate came down to just 25 basis points (bps), the smallest it’s been in years. That, combined with uncertainty about whether rates will go up, has led Ratehub.ca users to select fixed-rate mortgages by an overwhelming majority. Users who compared mortgage rates on Ratehub.ca in 2016 selected fixed-rate mortgages 68% of the time, while just 30% of requests were for variable-rate mortgages (last year, the requests were 55% and 42%, respectively).
Generation X feels the down payment pinch
Millennials get all the attention when it comes to saving up for a down payment on a first home, but our research reveals generation Xers may have the most to complain about. Canadians in the 35-54 cohort were most likely to have put down only 5% on their first home. Thirty-five percent of generation Xers made the minimum down payment, compared to just 18% of millennials. When it comes to surpassing the magical 20% mark, after which CMHC insurance goes away and qualification becomes easier, generation Xers also scored last with less than one-third making a standard down payment on their first home. That could be because the bank of mom and dad is favouring the younger generation. Millennials are 47% more likely than generation Xers to have help from family when buying a first home.
Non-homeowners are saving like their lives depend on it
We asked people who didn’t own a home whether they were saving for a down payment, and how much they were saving to reach their goals. Fifty percent of people aged 18-34 who don’t own their home are saving up to buy one. And across all generations, people who are saving for a down payment are putting away a serious portion of they paycheques. A whopping 86% of survey respondents say they’re saving 10% of their income or more. Forty-two percent say they’re saving one-quarter or more. And almost one-in-five (18%) are saving at least half of their income.
Homebuyers are starting their search online
This may not be a surprise but when it comes to getting a mortgage, Canadians are turning to Google to start their search. Canadians click on Google to search for mortgage-related keywords more than 750,000 times a month. Leading the categories are mortgage calculators with 525,000 monthly searches, banks with 247,000, and rates with 144,000. Across all financial products, we learned that 71% of Canadians look at online reviews before making a decision, and 73% of millennials and generation Xers use comparison websites to shop for rates.